Trekking

1. The red route – “Castles and Martyrdom” – 40km
Chelmno-Klamry (a mass grave of the Polish murdered by the Germans in 1939, a fort of the Chelmno stronghold from the 20th century) – Rybieniec (a manor house from 19th/20th century) – Stolno (a fort of the Chelmno stronghold from the 20th century) – Male Czyste (a fort of the Chelmno stronghold from the 20th century) – Wielkie Czyste (a Gothic church from the 13th century) – Storlus (a classical manor house from the 14th century) – Papowo Biskupie (ruins of a Teutonic castle and a Gothic church from the 13th/14th century) – Wroclawki (a manor house with a park from the 18th/19th century) – Rybieniec (a manor house from 19th/20th century) – Lipienek (relics of the 14th century Teutonic castle; a late classical manor house and a park from the 14th century) – Kornatowo

2. The yellow route – “Reserves” – 46km
Chelmno – St. Laurentius Mountain in Kaldusa (the original Chelmno – an early Medieval settlement from the 7th/11th century; a steppe reserve of among others: feather-grass and primrose) – Starogrod (the place of Chelmno’s second location, a church from the 13th century, a hill where a Teutonic castle was situated) – Kielp (a manor house from the 19th century; a fort of the Chelmno stronghold from the 20th century) – Plutowskie Hillside (a steppe reserve: kserothermic communities of thickets; pheasant’s eyes, feather-grass, windflowers) – Parow Plutowski (a monument on the place of torments of Poles murdered by Nazis in 1939) – Plutowo (a granary from the 19th century, a manor house and a landscape park from the 19th century, 15 kinds of trees including a 200-year-old yew) – Szymborno (a manor house with a park from the 19th century) – Goloty (an old inn from the 18th century at No. 14; an avenue with 113 protected trees, among them: maples, sycamores, and ashes) – Unislaw (a round upland settlement; a Gothic church from the beginning of the 13th century, a hill where a Teutonic castle was situated) – Raciniewo (a manor house and a park from the 19th century, 21 kinds of trees, among them: a field maple and a Swedish mountain ash) – Gzin (a settlement from the period of the Lusatian culture) – Linie (a peat reserve with birches and pines) – Dabrowa Chelminska (a church and an inn from the 19th century; graves of the inhabitants of the village murdered during the WWII) – Reptowo (a reserve of pines and grey herons) – Mozgowina (an early Medieval settlement) – Las Marianski (a protected broadleaved forest) – Ostromecko (a complex of two manor houses from the 16th/17th century and a 19th-century English style landscape park with numerous old trees; a church from the 14th century, springs of alkaline waters, a reserve of oaks, hornbeams and isopyrum thalictroides) – Wielka Kepa Ostromecka (a reserve of wetlands with willows and poplars Bydgoszcz Fordon)

3. The blue route “Mestwina” – 10km Chelmno – Glogowko Krolewskie (remains of the Mennonites’ buildings) – Zurawia Kepa – Swiecie the Castle (ruins of the post Teutonic castle and a Gothic parish church from the 14th century)

4. The green route “Old Chelmno” – 16km
Chelmno – Kepa Panienska (a nature reserve “Ostrow Panienski” of wetlands with elms, ashes and field maples) – the Starogrodzkie lake – St. Laurentius Mountain – Starogrod – Kaldus – Usc – Chelmno

5. The black route “Chelmno Panorama” – 8km – Chelmno – Usc – Brzozowo – Osnowo – Dworzyska – Chelmno

6. The blue route “Bierzglowski” – 20km
Unislaw – the Bierzglowski castle (a Teutonic castle from the 14th century)

7. The black route “the history of Unislaw” – 2km

8. The yellow route – “Chelmno thistles” – 10km
Papowo Biskupie – Kucborek (a manor house from the beginning of the 20th century) – Bielczyny (a lowland settlement with a chapel from the 20th century) – Chelmza (a former seat of Chelmno bishops, a cathedral from the 13th/14th century, a Gothic gate)

9. The black route “To remember September ‘39” – 2km
Plutowskie Hillside (a steppe reserve: kserothermic communities of thickets; pheasant’s eyes, feather-grass, windflowers) – Parow Plutowski (a monument on the place of torments of Poles murdered by Nazis in 1939) – Plutowo (a granary from the 19th century, a manor house and a landscape park from the 19th century, 15 kinds of trees, including a 200-year-old yew)

10. The black route of “Victims of 1939” – 3km
Male Czyste – Dorposz Szlachecki/gravel pit (a monument to commemorate the inhabitants murdered by the Nazis in 1939; a manor house from the 18th/19th century, a fort of the Chelmno stronghold from the 20th century)

Bicycle routes

green

The green route “Old Chelmno” – 16km
Chelmno – Kepa Panienska (a nature reserve “Ostrow Panienski” of wetlands with elms, ashes and field maples) – the Starogrodzkie lake – St. Laurentius Mountain – Starogrod – Kaldus – Usc – Chelmno

red

The red route – “Castles and Martyrdom” – 40km
Chelmno-Klamry (a mass grave of the Polish murdered by the Germans in 1939, a fort of the Chelmno stronghold from the 20th century) – Rybieniec (a manor house from 19th/20th century) – Stolno (a fort of the Chelmno stronghold from the 20th century) – Male Czyste (a fort of the Chelmno stronghold from the 20th century) – Wielkie Czyste (a Gothic church from the 13th century) – Storlus (a classical manor house from the 14th century) – Papowo Biskupie (ruins of a Teutonic castle and a Gothic church from the 13th/14th century) – Wroclawki (a manor house with a park from the 18th/19th century) – Rybieniec (a manor house from 19th/20th century) – Lipienek (relics of the 14th century Teutonic castle; a late classical manor house and a park from the 14th century) – Kornatowo

black

The black route “Chelmno Panorama” – 8km – Chelmno – Usc – Brzozowo – Osnowo – Dworzyska – Chelmno

yellow

The yellow route – “Reserves” – 46km
Chelmno – St. Laurentius Mountain in Kaldusa (the original Chelmno – an early Medieval settlement from the 7th/11th century; a steppe reserve of among others: feather-grass and primrose) – Starogrod (the place of Chelmno’s second location, a church from the 13th century, a hill where a Teutonic castle was situated) – Kielp (a manor house from the 19th century; a fort of the Chelmno stronghold from the 20th century) – Plutowskie Hillside (a steppe reserve: kserothermic communities of thickets; pheasant’s eyes, feather-grass, windflowers) – Parow Plutowski (a monument on the place of torments of Poles murdered by Nazis in 1939) – Plutowo (a granary from the 19th century, a manor house and a landscape park from the 19th century, 15 kinds of trees including a 200-year-old yew) – Szymborno (a manor house with a park from the 19th century) – Goloty (an old inn from the 18th century at No. 14; an avenue with 113 protected trees, among them: maples, sycamores, and ashes) – Unislaw (a round upland settlement; a Gothic church from the beginning of the 13th century, a hill where a Teutonic castle was situated) – Raciniewo (a manor house and a park from the 19th century, 21 kinds of trees, among them: a field maple and a Swedish mountain ash) – Gzin (a settlement from the period of the Lusatian culture) – Linie (a peat reserve with birches and pines) – Dabrowa Chelminska (a church and an inn from the 19th century; graves of the inhabitants of the village murdered during the WWII) – Reptowo (a reserve of pines and grey herons) – Mozgowina (an early Medieval settlement) – Las Marianski (a protected broadleaved forest) – Ostromecko (a complex of two manor houses from the 16th/17th century and a 19th-century English style landscape park with numerous old trees; a church from the 14th century, springs of alkaline waters, a reserve of oaks, hornbeams and isopyrum thalictroides) – Wielka Kepa Ostromecka (a reserve of wetlands with willows and poplars Bydgoszcz Fordon)

‘The Chelmno Fortress’

Chełmno is one of the most recent strongholds situated along the Lower Vistula- the initial plans of fortifying the town and its neighbourhood were conceived at the beginning of the 19th century during the Napoleonic Wars by a French Marshal N.L. Davout.
However, the decision of executing the plans was finally made by the German General Staf in 1900. The semicircular fortifying line surrounded the town within a radius of 6-8 km from the south-east, from Klamry through Rybieniec, Stolno, Małe Czyste, Dorposz Szlachecki, Watorowo, to Kiełp. After the first phase of the construction was completed, (state of 1910), the defence line with the length of 25 km consisted of 8 forts, 4 infantry shelters and two posts for artillery corps in Stolno and Małe Czyste.
On 4 June 1910 Chełmno was officially nominated a stronghold by the Ministry of War. The construction works from 1901-1914 demarcated the basic outline of the fortifying line around Chełmno, which clearly shows that the focal point of the layout was the ferry stop on the Vistula River. The main fortifying line was marked by (the) forts and (the) infantry shelters. When World War I was over, the Pomerania on the Vistula with the stronghold Chełmno was bestowed in the Polish state under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and The Polish Military Mission formally took over the objects of the fortifications of Chełmno in January 1920. During World War II, the Nazis developed the fortifications even further.
They are in perfect condition, mostly due to the fact they were hardly used in military operations. After World War II they frequently served as a place for exploding misfires and storing pesticides.

 

 

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